Educationin-text citations
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Does this sentence contain a fact that is not common knowledge?
NO
Don't put a parenthetical citation.
 





YES




 
Put a parenthetical citation.
YES
Is there a quote in this sentence?
NO
So the fact is paraphrased. Is there a quote in the next sentence?
YES
Put a parenthetical citation at the end of this sentence (the one before the sentence with a quote).







NO


 
 
 
Is it the end of the paragraph?
YES
Put a parenthetical citation.







NO


 
 
 
Is there a fact from the same source and page, paraphrased in the next sentence?
NO
Put a parenthetical citation.







YES


 
 
 
Don't put a parenthetical citation. Continue writing until you come to a paragraph break, a quote in the next sentence, a fact from a different source, a fact from a different page, or a sentence containing analysis. Then put a parenthetical citation.