EducationPsychology
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Prescientific Psych > Socrates (469-399 B.C.) and Plato (428-348 B.C.) were early thinkers who believed that the and body were separable. They thought that knowledge was innate and that we were born knowing everything we need to know for life. > Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) derived principles from his observations and felt that knowledge was not preexisting, but that it grows from personal experiences stored in our memories > Rene Descartes (1595-1650 B.C.) agreed with the beliefs of Socrates and Plato. He questioned how the mind and body communicate. He believed that the mind contained animal spirits the flowed from the brain through nerves to different parts of the body, producing movement > Francis Bacon (1561-1626) became one of the founders of modern science, and still influences experiments today. He recognized our ability to notice and remember things that confirm our beliefs > John Locke (1632-1704) argued that the mind is a blank slate that experience writes on. He helped to form what is now called Empiricism